OECD programme on AI in Work, Innovation, Productivity and Skills

The OECD programme on AI in Work, Innovation, Productivity and Skills (AI-WIPS) - with the support of Germany – analyses the impact of AI on the labour market, skills and social policy.

Labour markets

AI is likely to have a significant impact on the world of work, acting as a substitute to human labour in some tasks, and as a complement in others. It will give rise to entirely new tasks and occupations and potentially change drastically the nature of others. Some tasks and jobs will become safer and less monotonous as a result of the adoption of AI, while others may be at risk of de-humanisation or de-skilling. This OECD work stream focuses on:

  • What do we know about the impact of AI on the labour market
  • An assessment of what happens to occupations most exposed to AI
  • The role of social partners in the adoption of AI
  • The ethical implications of AI adoption in the workplace
  • The impact of AI on job matching
  • The impact of AI on job quality and skills use

Expert interviews on AI and the labour market

The videos below are a series of interviews with experts in AI and the labour market. Find out more about each expert in their bios below:

Dr. Karin Kimbrough, Chief Economist at LinkedIn, explains how big data can be used to provide new insights into changing skills needs, and what skills young people should invest in if AI become a widely-used technology in the labour market. AI and the labour market: Interview with Karin Kimbrough (PhD), Chief Economist, LinkedIn
Prof. Wim Naudé, University College Cork, Ireland, talks about the AI “hype”, the ongoing barriers to AI diffusion, and how public procurement may be used to promote the faster diffusion of more ethical, human-centred AI. AI and the labour market: Interview with Wim Naudé
Prof. Gina Neff, Oxford Internet Institute, United Kingdom, discusses some of the risks for workers when AI is adopted by companies, her concerns around AI-based tracking technologies, and the value that society places on the “data work” that goes into building AI. Click to watch interview with Prof. Gena Neff
Prof. Isamu Yamamoto, Keio University, Japan, shares findings from a survey he has carried out on the impact of AI in the workplace in Japan, and what it means for different skills groups. Interview with Prof. Isamu Yamamoto
Dr. Salima Benhamou, France Stratégie, France, shares her vision on the impact of AI on the labor market and skills, and the most suitable work organisation methods to promote the complementarity between AI and human intelligence. AI and the labour market: Interview with Dr. Salima Benhamou - 8 min

Videos

Conversation with David Autor

Conversation with David Autor

February 6, 2021clock20 mins
Conversation with Liz Reynolds

Conversation with Liz Reynolds

February 6, 2021clock20 mins
The impact of Al on the labour market

The impact of Al on the labour market

February 6, 2021clock60 mins
The future of work is now

The future of work is now

January 28, 2021clock1 min

Publications

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The human capital behind AI: Jobs and skills demand from online job postings

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Policy PapersOECDSeptember 2021

Building on recent OECD work, this paper analyses the skills sets (“skills bundles”) demanded in artificial intelligence (AI)-related online job postings. The analysis uses Burning Glass Technologies’ data for the United States and the United Kingdom...

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Demand for AI Skills in Jobs: Evidence from online job postings

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working PaperOECDMarch 2021

This report presents new evidence about occupations requiring artificial intelligence (AI)-related competencies, based on online job posting data and previous work on identifying and measuring developments in AI. It finds that the total number of AI-...

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The impact of Artificial Intelligence on the labour market: What do we know so far?

OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working PapersOECDJanuary 2021

This literature review takes stock of what is known about the impact of artificial intelligence on the labour market, including the impact on employment and wages, how AI will transform jobs and skill needs, and the impact on the work environment. Th...

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Automation, skills use and training

OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working PapersOECDMarch 2018

This study focuses on the risk of automation and its interaction with training and the use of skills at work. Building on the expert assessment carried out by Carl Frey and Michael Osborne in 2013, the paper estimates the risk of automation for indiv...

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