Start date :2017
End date :
Name of responsible governmental body :
  • The State Council for the People’s Republic of China (;国务院)
Description :
  • The Plan involves initiatives and goals for R&D, industrialization, talent development, education and skills acquisition, standard setting and regulations, ethical norms, and security.
China flag
  • To make China’s AI industry “in-line” with competitors by 2020.
  • To reach “world-leading” in some AI fields by 2025.
  • To become the “primary” center for AI innovation by 2030. By 2030, the Chinese government aims to cultivate an AI industry worth RMB 1 trillion (EUR 130 billion), with related industries worth RMB 10 trillion (EUR 1300 billion) . In addition, the Chinese government has also partnered with national tech companies to develop research and industrial leadership in specific fields of AI and will build a USD 2.1 billion (EUR 1.8 billion) technology park for AI research in Beijing.
OECD AI principle adressed:
  • Inclusive growth, sustainable development and well-being
  • Human-centred values and fairness
  • Transparency and explainability
  • Robustness, security and safety
  • Accountability
  • Fostering a digital ecosystem for AI
  • Building human capacity and preparing for labour market transition
Relevant policy area covered:
  • Agriculture
  • Defence
  • Digital economy
  • Education
  • Employment
  • Health
  • Industry and entrepreneurship
  • Social and welfare issues
  • Transport
Related to a theme:
Estimated budget expenditure (range per year):
  • Don't know
Background including shifts in the policy initiative:
  • N.A
Policy initiative is a structural reform:
  • Yes
  • No
Link to evaluation or reports:
  • N.A
Funding from the private sector:
  • No
Type of evaluation:
  • N.A
Evaluation provides input to:
  • N.A
Evaluation performed by:
  • N.A
Policy instruments :

National strategies, agendas and plans

  • Type : National strategies, agendas and plans
  • Name in English :
  • Description : The Plan outlines a three-step strategy which will guide China to achieve:By 2020: one of the world’s most advanced level of AI technologies. By then, AI should have become an important driver of economic growth (value of core AI industries to reach 150 billion RMB, while that of AI-related industries to reach 1 trillion RMB), with several enterprises possessing world-leading competitiveness especially in a series of technology breakthroughs (e.g. in intelligent big data, intelligent cross-media, swarm intelligence, hybrid enhanced intelligence, and indigenous intelligent systems)By 2025: the world’s leading level for some sets of AI technologies and their application, and major breakthroughs for fundamental AI theories. By then, AI should have been well applied in areas such as smart manufacturing, smart healthcare, smart cities, smart agriculture, and national defense, with the value of core AI industries to reach 400 billion RMB, while that of AI-related industries to reach 5 trillion RMB. The year 2025 will also mark the preliminary establishment of a new legal framework for AI, including standards, safety assessments, and supervision.By 2030: the world’s leading levels in all AI theories, technologies and applications. By then, China should have become the global centre for AI technologies and Ai economy (value of core AI industries to exceed 1 trillion RMB, while that of AI-related industries to exceed 10 trillion RMB), with a deep and integrated IP application any production segments, social governance, as well as national security and defence, with a series of top-notch AI technology innovation bases and talents leading globally.
  • Country : China
  • Strategy mainly prioritises : AI policy governance (e.g. vertical and horizontal coordination, evaluation) | Specific areas/sectors (e.g. new industrial policy, R&D targets for clean tech) | R&D intensity (e.g. GERD as a % of GDP)
  • Societal challenge(s) emphasised : None specifically emphasised
  • Implementation mechanism : None

Public consultations of stakeholders or experts

  • Type : Public consultations of stakeholders or experts
  • Name in English :
  • Country : China
Last updated : Apr 24, 2023
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