Start date :2019
End date :
Name of responsible governmental body :
  • The Conference toward AI Network Society (Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications;AIネットワーク社会推進会議(総務省))
Description :
  • These Guidelines are intended to encourage the voluntary consideration of AI users, especially those who provide AI services to others (AI service providers) and those who use AI systems (business users).
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  • These Guidelines aim to facilitate AI utilization and social implementation by way of increasing the benefits of AI, and mitigating the risks of AI, as well as fostering trust in AI through the sound progress of AI networks.
OECD AI principle adressed:
  • Inclusive growth, sustainable development and well-being
  • Human-centred values and fairness
  • Transparency and explainability
  • Robustness, security and safety
  • Accountability
  • Fostering a digital ecosystem for AI
  • Providing an enabling policy environment for AI
  • International co-operation for trustworthy AI
Relevant policy area covered:
  • Corporate governance
  • Digital economy
  • Economy
  • Innovation
  • Science and technology
Estimated budget expenditure (range per year):
  • Less than 1M
Background including shifts in the policy initiative:
  • This Guideline was formulated in 2019 based on the idea that, after the establishment of the AI development guideline, AI may continuously change its own output and programs by learning from data in the process of utilization, and that it is important to summarize matters that should be kept in mind in the utilization of AI between developers, users, data providers, and other stakeholders.
Policy initiative is a structural reform:
  • No
  • No
Link to evaluation or reports:
  • N.A
Funding from the private sector:
  • No
Type of evaluation:
  • N.A
Evaluation provides input to:
  • N.A
Evaluation performed by:
  • N.A
Policy instruments :

Regulatory oversight and ethical advice bodies

  • Type : Regulatory oversight and ethical advice bodies
  • Name in English :
  • Description : The Guidelines include the following 10 principles: 1) Principle of proper utilizationUsers should make efforts to utilize AI systems or AI services in a proper scope and manner, under the proper assignment of roles between humans and AI systems, or among users.2) Principle of data qualityUsers and data providers should pay attention to the quality of data used for learning or other methods of AI systems. 3) Principle of collaborationAI service providers, business users, and data providers should pay attention to the collaboration of AI systems or AI services. Users should take it into consideration that risks might occur and even be amplified when AI systems are to be networked.4) Principle of safetyUsers should take into consideration that AI systems or AI services in use will not harm the life, body, or property of users, indirect users or third parties through the actuators or other devices.5) Principle of securityUsers and data providers should pay attention to the security of AI systems or AI services.6) Principle of privacyUsers and data providers should take into consideration that the utilization of AI systems or AI services will not infringe on the privacy of users’ or others.7) Principles of human dignity and individual autonomyUsers should respect human dignity and individual autonomy in the utilization of AI systems or AI services.8) Principle of fairnessAI service providers, business users, and data providers should take into consideration that individuals will not be discriminated unfairly by the judgments of AI systems or AI services.9) Principle of transparencyAI service providers and business users should pay attention to the verifiability of inputs/outputs of AI systems or AI services and the explainability of their judgments.10) Principle of accountabilityAI service providers and business users should make efforts to fulfill their accountability to the stakeholders including consumer users and indirect users.
  • Country : Japan
  • Type(s) of oversight or advice : Technical guidance (e.g. toolkits, documentation, technical standards)
  • Activities : Provide guidance, advice and support to stakeholders | Gather opinions from stakeholders on ethical principles, regulation improvements, etc. | Cross-government coordination in developing/adopting guidelines, regulations, etc.
  • Reports to : International organisation (e.g. European Commission, UNESCO) | Ministry
  • The regulatory oversight/ethical advice body is composed of : A mix / other
  • - Other : Mix (Multistakeholder)
  • Reports are publicly available : Yes

Emerging AI-related regulation

  • Type : Emerging AI-related regulation
  • Name in English : AI Utilisation Guidelines
  • Country : Japan
  • Role of government : Risk mitigation (e.g. consumer and social protection) | Protector of public values
  • Challenge(s) addressed : Risks to human freedom and autonomy  | Accountability and responsibility (e.g liability for unethical use and misuse) | Consumer protection | Transparency and explainability | Data protection and right to privacy | Risks to fairness (e.g. non-discrimination, gender equality, fairness and diversity) | Digital security | Risks to human safety (e.g. prevention of physical and mental harm)
  • Relevance to well-being : Knowledge and skills
  • Type(s) of regulation : Self-regulation (e.g. codes of conduct, guidelines, standards)
  • International agreement : Non-binding instruments (e.g. memorandums of understanding, AI principles, standards)
Last updated : Sep 6, 2022
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