NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR AI

인공지능 국가전략

Start date :2020
End date :
Name of responsible governmental body :
  • Ministry of Science and ICT (MSIT;과학기술정보통신부)
Description :
  • With the vision of “Going beyond an IT superpower to an AI superpower,” Korean ministries joined hands to establish the National Strategy for Artificial Intelligence, which includes Korea’s vision and strategy for the era of AI.
Korea flag
Objectives:
  • To rank third in terms of global digital competitiveness by 2030.
  • To create 455 trillion Korean won of economic surplus through AI.
  • To enter the top ten countries in terms of quality of life.
OECD AI principle adressed:
  • Inclusive growth, sustainable development and well-being
  • Human-centred values and fairness
  • Transparency and explainability
  • Robustness, security and safety
  • Accountability
  • Investing in AI R&D
  • Fostering a digital ecosystem for AI
  • Providing an enabling policy environment for AI
  • Building human capacity and preparing for labour market transition
  • International co-operation for trustworthy AI
Relevant policy area covered:
  • Digital economy
  • Innovation
  • Social and welfare issues
Related to a theme:
Estimated budget expenditure (range per year):
  • More than 500M
Background including shifts in the policy initiative:
  • While machines replaced manual labour of humans during the industrialization in the past, artificial intelligence now is developing beyond automation to a level that can perform intelligent tasks that could only be done by humans. As AI is causing a paradigm shift not only in terms of technology but one that encompasses all sectors including humanities, Korea is preparing for the shift on national and social levels.
Policy initiative is a structural reform:
  • Yes
Evaluated:
  • No
Link to evaluation or reports:
  • N.A
Funding from the private sector:
  • No
Type of evaluation:
  • N.A
Evaluation provides input to:
  • N.A
Evaluation performed by:
  • N.A
Policy instruments :

National strategies, agendas and plans

  • Type : National strategies, agendas and plans
  • Name in English :
  • Country : Korea
  • Public access URL : https://english.msit.go.kr/eng/bbs/view.do?sCode=eng&mId=10&mPid=9&bbsSeqNo=46&nttSeqNo=9
  • Strategy mainly prioritises : AI policy governance (e.g. vertical and horizontal coordination, evaluation) | Business innovation and innovative entrepreneurship | Access to finance for innovation (e.g. venture capital, business angels, financial markets) | Public research capabilities | Education and skills | Technology transfers and commercialisation | Specific areas/sectors (e.g. new industrial policy, R&D targets for clean tech) | Clusters and regional support (including regional/local R&D investments) | Societal challenges (e.g. social inclusiveness); environmental challenges (e.g. sustainability) | International cooperation on STI | R&D intensity (e.g. GERD as a % of GDP) | Connectivity and digitalisation
  • - Quantifiable target, Deadline : Societal challenges (e.g. social inclusiveness); environmental challenges (e.g. sustainability): “Energy”, “Environment”
  • Societal challenge(s) emphasised : Health | Ageing populations | Inclusiveness (e.g. inequality, job insecurity) | Food security | Energy security | Climate change | Environmental sustainability
  • Implementation mechanism : Action plan | Periodic monitoring and/or evaluation of progress

Project grants for public research

  • Type : Project grants for public research
  • Name in English :
  • Country : Korea
  • Maximum grant duration : More than 36 months
  • Maximum amount of grant awarded in euros : More than 1M
  • Type of activity : Basic research | Applied research | Experimental development | Multidisciplinary research | Demonstration / testing
  • Requires a form of collaboration : With other higher education institutes or public research institutes | With industry partners | With international partners | With users of research outputs (e.g. technology, innovation)
  • Selection criteria : Track record of applicant | Scientific impact anticipated | Societal impact anticipated | Commercial impact anticipated | Social inclusion in research (e.g. women and other under-represented groups) | Alignment with national research priorities
  • Type(s) of proposal screening : Internal: review by grant manager (e.g. funding agency) | External peer review: including members of the scientific community | External peer review: including business society representatives | External peer review: including research users and stakeholders
  • Success rate (share of grants awarded as a % of total applications) : 40% or higher

Grants for business R&D and innovation

  • Type : Grants for business R&D and innovation
  • Name in English :
  • Country : Korea
  • Maximum grant duration : More than 36 months
  • Maximum amount of grant awarded in euros : More than 1M
  • Type of activity : Basic research | Applied research | Experimental development | Non-technological innovation | Demonstration / testing
  • Requires a form of collaboration : With higher education institutes or public research institutes | With industry partners | With international partners | With SMEs | With intermediaries (e.g. accelerators) | With users of R&D or innovation outputs
  • Selection criteria : Track record of applicant | Feasibility of project | Anticipated return on investment | Societal impact anticipated | Social inclusion (e.g. women and other under-represented groups) | Alignment with national strategic priorities (e.g. targeted business sectors and technologies)
  • Contribution (e.g. matching funds) required from beneficiary : Yes

Centres of excellence grants

  • Type : Centres of excellence grants
  • Name in English :
  • Country : Korea
  • Maximum duration of funding for individual unit/centre : 6-10 years
  • Share of public funding (as a % of total funding of the centre of excellence) : 70-89%
  • Focus : Field of science | Key technology (basic research) | Key technology (commercial applications) | Societal challenge(s) | Sharing equipment and infrastructures (e.g. access to AI computing infrastructure)
  • Criteria for funding : Alignment to national research priorities | Societal impact anticipated | Result of a national performance-based assessment | Novelty of research or its application | Existing research capacity | Scientific impact anticipated | Commercial impact anticipated
  • Requires a form of collaborative research : Science-industry | Industry-industry | Science-science
  • Ownership of Intellectual Property (IP) stemming from science-industry research : Some IP owned exclusively by the public sector | Some IP owned exclusively by the private sector | Some IP co-owned between public and private actors
  • Penalties and rewards associated to performance : Bonuses and incentives

Procurement programmes for AI R&D and innovation

  • Type : Procurement programmes for AI R&D and innovation
  • Name in English :
  • Country : Korea
  • Type of programme : Improving the capacity and competence of the AI procurement process
  • R&D/innovation objective(s) : Create demand for technology or innovative products and services | Promote specific research priorities
  • Programme focus : Support innovative SMEs | Strategic business sector | Strategic technology | Societal challenges | Public sector innovation | Promote science-industry cooperation

Fellowships and postgraduate loans and scholarships

  • Type : Fellowships and postgraduate loans and scholarships
  • Name in English :
  • Country : Korea
  • Type of financial assistance : Non-repayable
  • Type of individual sponsored : Master student | Doctoral student | Post-doctoral researcher | Established researcher
  • Promotes international mobility of students and researchers : Both outgoing and incoming
  • Promotes intersectoral mobility (e.g. between the academic and private sectors) : From academia to the private sector | From the private sector to academia

Equity financing

  • Type : Equity financing
  • Name in English :
  • Country : Korea
  • Type of financing : Seed capital (early stage)
  • Mechanism(s) : Fund
  • Type of fund : None
  • Focus : Support access to international markets | Foster public research spin-offs | Social entrepreneurship | Support innovative start-ups and SMEs

Networking and collaborative platforms

  • Type : Networking and collaborative platforms
  • Name in English :
  • Country : Korea
  • Focus : Business innovation-oriented | Technology-oriented | Geographic clustering | Research-oriented | Education-oriented
  • Share of the platform's funding coming from the private sector (as a % of total funding) : 0%
  • Exchanges take place via : Meetings and events | Sharing infrastructures or facilities
  • Objective(s) : Promote business partnerships (e.g. consortia-building) | Foster fundraising and investor networking | Promote economic growth (e.g. productivity, competitiveness) | Promote research partnerships
  • Ownership of IP stemming from science-industry research : Some IP owned exclusively by the public sector | Some IP owned exclusively by the private sector | Some IP co-owned between public and private actors

AI computing and research infrastructure

  • Type : AI computing and research infrastructure
  • Name in English :
  • Country : Korea
  • Main focus of support : National infrastructure(s)
  • Objective(s) : Address national research priorities | Foster science-industry collaboration | Address societal or environmental challenges | Promote regional or cluster policy
  • Funding used for : Increasing user access to AI-enabling infrastructure | Renewing or modernising existing facilities | Building knowledge repositories of scientific data and archives | Acquiring major computing equipment | Training research and technical staff | Building new facilities | Building computing systems and virtual infrastructures | Gaining access to existing international AI-enabling infrastructures | Hiring research and technical staff

Data access and sharing

  • Type : Data access and sharing
  • Name in English :
  • Country : Korea

Knowledge transfers and business advisory services

  • Type : Knowledge transfers and business advisory services
  • Name in English :
  • Country : Korea
  • Services provided by : Intermediaries (e.g. technology transfer offices, incubators) | Public research institutes | Public body from regional or local government | Public body from national government | Higher education institutes | Private consultants and business experts
  • Modality : Networking with investors, clients, suppliers, etc. | Consultancy | Training
  • Type of advisory service : Implement technology best practices or support meeting national or international standards | Product development | Intellectual property protection (e.g. filing and litigation) | Intellectual property commercialisation (e.g. licensing and royalty agreements) | Support the adoption of existing technologies | Support to business plan preparations | Marketing (including market research) | Human resource development | Quality management and process efficiency

Emerging AI-related regulation

  • Type : Emerging AI-related regulation
  • Name in English :
  • Country : Korea
  • Role of government : Market regulator (e.g. antitrust law) | Technology/innovation enabler (e.g. interoperability standards) | Risk mitigation (e.g. consumer and social protection) | Deliverer of public services (e.g. requirements in procurement, education) | Protector of public values
  • Challenge(s) addressed : Market concentration (e.g. monopolies, oligopolies) | Social disruption (e.g. job insecurity) | Risks to fairness (e.g. non-discrimination, gender equality, fairness and diversity) | Data protection and right to privacy | Risks to human safety (e.g. prevention of physical and mental harm)
  • Type(s) of regulation : Formal domestic law or regulation | Self-regulation (e.g. codes of conduct, guidelines, standards) | Regulatory experiments (e.g. sandboxes)
  • Regulatory approach : Technology-based regulation (e.g. moratoria, bans, standards of use)
  • Level of governance : National
  • Approach to monitor compliance : The regulator develops and maintains technologies for data collection, transmission and/or analytics to monitor compliance

Labour mobility regulation and incentives

  • Type : Labour mobility regulation and incentives
  • Name in English :
  • Country : Korea
  • Type of mobility : Intersectoral (public to private sector or vice-versa) | International | Within country
  • Programme objective(s) : Promote international knowledge flows | Attract foreign talent | Build industry-science linkages | Promote research excellence | Improve performance of host institutes/firms
  • Mechanism : Service or information (e.g. web portal) | Economic (e.g. salary subsidy) | Networking (e.g. coordinating staff exchange)
  • Portion of salary subsidised by the instrument : 40-80%
  • Average duration of salary subsidy : More than 18 months
  • Screening scheme : Hybrid (government and employer)
  • Intended mobility destination : Higher education institutes | Public research institutes | Private research and development labs | Firms

Emerging AI-related regulation

  • Type : Emerging AI-related regulation
  • Name in English :
  • Country : Korea

Science and innovation challenges, prizes and awards

  • Type : Science and innovation challenges, prizes and awards
  • Name in English :
  • Country : Korea
  • Selection type : Ex-post (based on a scientific achievement or developed innovation)
  • Type of challenge : Business challenge, i.e. centred on a specific market need | Research challenge, i.e. centred on a specific domain of science or technology | Climate change | Energy security | Food security | Social inclusion | Ageing population | Health
  • Type of reward : Provision of business innovation and technology advice | Monetary | Honorific (e.g. label, recognition) | Exposure to a network of investors

Public consultations of stakeholders or experts

  • Type : Public consultations of stakeholders or experts
  • Name in English :
  • Country : Korea
Last updated : Nov 23, 2023
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