OECD Network of Experts on AI (ONE AI)

The OECD Network of Experts on AI (ONE AI) provides policy, technical and business expert input to inform OECD analysis and recommendations. It is a multi-disciplinary and multi-stakeholder group.

OECD Working Party on Artificial Intelligence Governance

The OECD’s Committee on Digital Economy Policy recently created the Working Party on Artificial Intelligence Governance (AIGO) to oversee its work on artificial intelligence (AI) policy. Working party members are nominated by OECD member governments and are primarily national officials responsible for AI policies in their perspective countries.

The working party develops practical guidance for policy makers on a wide array of topics:

  • investing in AI R&D;
  • data, infrastructure, software & knowledge;
  • regulation, testbeds and documentation;
  • skills and labour markets; and
  • international co-operation.

It leverages lessons learned and analysis by other OECD bodies and the database of national AI policies at OECD.AI. The working party focuses on the practical implementation of the OECD AI Principles throughout the AI policy cycle for:

  1. Policy design – reviewing national AI governance policies and approaches;
  2. Policy implementation – looking for lessons in national implementation examples;
  3. Policy intelligence – identifying evaluation methods and monitoring exercises; and
  4. Policy coordination: finding approaches to international and multi-stakeholder cooperation on AI policy.

The working party also provides analysis and good practices to inform policy on i) AI sandboxes and ii) natural language technologies.

Its work builds on the work on the OECD.AI expert group on national AI Policies that operated from February 2020 to March 2022 and published the OECD “State of Implementation of the OECD AI Principles: Insights from National AI Policies”  report on 22 June 2021. This report looks at how countries are implementing the five recommendations to governments contained in the OECD AI Principles and examines emerging trends in AI policy.

OECD.AI Network of Experts

The OECD.AI Network of Experts works with the working party as an informal group of AI experts from government, business, academia and civil society. The network provides AI-specific policy advice for the OECD’s work on AI policy and contributes to the OECD Policy Observatory on AI, OECD.AI.

The network provides the OECD with an “on the ground” perspective on AI and is a forum where the OECD can share information with other international initiatives and organisations. The network raises issues about trustworthy AI and other policy initiatives with the OECD, particularly when international cooperation is useful.

The network provides a space for the international community to have in-depth discussions about shared AI policy opportunities and challenges.

Part of the OECD’s mission to raise awareness around implementing the OECD AI Principles is to ensure that open dialogue shapes trustworthy AI. To create a wider public dialogue, the OECD has the AI Wonk blog, where AI experts can present current issues.

Network members

The network brings together AI experts from many sectors and backgrounds including:

  • AI policy experts from national governments, international organisations, other institutions and the private sector. Network members from national governments are often AI policy experts in charge of coordinating, designing and implementing national AI strategies.
  • AI technical experts, such as researchers, computer scientists, engineers etc.
  • Experts from social sciences and humanities, such as experts in AI-related legal and ethical issues.

Every year, national and stakeholder delegations either renew or nominate new representatives.

Who nominates delegates to the working party and members of the network?

Official delegates of the Working Party on Artificial Intelligence Governance and members of the OECD.AI Network of Experts are nominated by OECD Members and CDEP partners countries.

The European Commission and the four CDEP stakeholder groups  Business at OECD (BIAC); the Trade Union Advisory Committee (TUAC); the OECD Civil Society Information Society Advisory Council (CSISAC); and the Internet Technical Advisory Committee (ITAC) also participate in the working party and nominate network members.

The network also has representatives of important international initiatives like the Global Partnership on AI (GPAI) and other international governmental organisations, including the Council of Europe (CoE), the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), the United NationsUNESCO and the World Bank.

Finally, the OECD Secretariat identifies additional experts with complementary expertise to ensure that the network of AI experts as a whole has a good balance of multi-disciplinary expertise. It also takes into account stakeholder, gender and regional representation (see Figure 1).

The OECD.AI Network of Experts builds on the OECD’s successful experience with the OECD’s first group of AI experts, which developed a proposal that formed the basis for the OECD AI Principles adopted in May 2019.

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