OECD programme on AI in Work, Innovation, Productivity and Skills

The OECD programme on AI in Work, Innovation, Productivity and Skills (AI-WIPS) - with the support of Germany – analyses the impact of AI on the labour market, skills and social policy.

AI performance

Automation is not a new phenomenon, but AI and robotics are increasingly changing the type of tasks performed in most jobs, thereby increasing the speed and depth of change and the propensity of certain jobs to be automated.

The OECD is developing a methodology for comparing AI and robotics capabilities with human capabilities by specifying a sequence of activities for which they are systematically compared.

This approach requires three preliminary steps:

  • Reviewing taxonomies of human skills and identifying available human tests to assess all major skill areas. The coverage of skills and tests would cover the full range of basic human capabilities, including learning, reasoning, problem solving, language, perception, and motor control.
  • Identifying the relevant set of computer scientists and cognitive scientists able to provide input for each major skill area, and an approach for sampling those experts to provide input about computer capabilities with respect to the questions on specific tests.
  • Reviewing existing comparisons of AI and robotics capabilities with human capabilities to identify key limitations and gaps that need to be addressed.

Videos

Human-machine collaborations: the role of AI

Human-machine collaborations: the role of AI

February 6, 2021clock60 mins
Conversation with Kenneth D. Forbus

Conversation with Kenneth D. Forbus

February 6, 2021clock30 mins
Exploring assessments of AI capabilities​

Exploring assessments of AI capabilities​

February 6, 2021clock60 mins
Artificial intelligence is already transforming your life

Artificial intelligence is already transforming your life

October 23, 2017clock1 min
AI: The human-machine relationship

AI: The human-machine relationship

January 28, 2021clock1 min

Live news

Publications

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Who develops AI-related innovations, goods and services? A firm-level analysis

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Policy PapersOECDSeptember 2021

This study proposes an exploratory analysis of the characteristics of Artificial Intelligence (AI) “actors”. It focuses on entities that deploy AI-related technologies or introduce AI-related goods and services on large international markets. It buil...

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Artificial intelligence companies, goods and services – A trademark-based analysis

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working PaperOECDMay 2021

This work proposes an experimental methodology to identify and measure artificial intelligence (AI)-related trademarks. It aims to shed light on the extent to which (new) companies and products appearing on the market rely on, exploit or propose AI-r...

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The Digitalisation of Science, Technology and Innovation

OECDFebruary 2020

This report examines digitalisation’s effects on science, technology and innovation and the associated consequences for policy. In varied and far-reaching ways, digital technologies are changing how scientists work, collaborate and publish. While exa...

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Computers and the Future of Skill Demand

Centre for Educational Research and InnovationOECDOctober 2017

Computer scientists are working on reproducing all human skills using artificial intelligence, machine learning and robotics. Unsurprisingly then, many people worry that these advances will dramatically change work skills in the years ahead and perha...

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